1923 Bugatti （Brescia）Type 13
The first real production Bugatti was the Bugatti Type 13 Type 15 and Type 17 at 1909, between 1910-1920 total 493 been made, The only difference between Type 13, Type 15 and Type 17 just the wheel base.
Type 13 use 2000mm wheel base, Type 15 use 2400mm wheel base, and type 17 use 2550mm wheel base, 1150mm track. The new car use a all new eight valve overhead 4 cylinder 1327cc engine with a 4 speed gear box, RHD, use worm gear, early model 4 wheel semi leaf spring. 1913 model got a rear quarter-elliptic leaf spring, this type leaf spring give Type 13 superior road holding and traction compared with conventionally sprung cars. This first Bugatti car got so many body, LWB, MWB and SWB. Many SWB joint the racing in Europe, e.g. hill climb, Monte Caro Rally, Le Mans, Grand Prix Brescia. It was 4 long years in first world war, everything is stop. (July 1914 and lasted until November 1918.)
After World War I 1919-1926 Evolution model been made after the war. it is a Brescia 16 Valve,1.3L Max speed more than 170km/h can not believe it is 1920, 96 year ago.
T13型號賽車版 “布雷西亞” 布加迪
Type 13 Evolution "Brescia" Bugatti
After WWI a all new Type 13 been built between 1920-1926 total 2006 been made, 2000mm wheel base Type 13, 2400mm wheel base Type 22 and 2550mm wheel base Type 23.
Type 13 Brescia use 16 valve with 66, 68 or 69 mm x 100mm bore 1368cc,1453cc and 1496cc engine instead of original early 1327cc OHV 8 valve engine and rear use quarter elliptic rear leaf spring suspension, 2000mm wheel base, track1150mm, type 22 instead of type 15. Most difference is rear suspension use a quarter elliptic leaf spring suspension. some Type 22 use 8 valve and some use 16 Valve. Type 15 just got 8 valve engine and a semi leaf spring leaf rear suspension.The Type 23 is same as Type 22 instead of the type 17, just rear suspension and some engine with 16 Valve, and with a 2550mm wheel base. From 1919-1930 is the Bugatti golden age. All Bugatti vehicle chassis is same as their racing car and use overhead camshaft design engine, each Bugatti before left factory all test by one of the factory drivers with a test report. This must the worlds first mass production 16 Valve faster 1.3L racing car at early 1920s. All Bugatti got outstanding performance than other car at market.
A Grand Prix for Voiturettes at Le Mans was the only French event of 1920, and Bugatti entered the two completed cars from Milan and one more from the remaining parts. Ettore's illegal act of placing a hand on the radiator cap during the race brought disqualification to the leading car, however, the Type 13 was unbeatable. Bugatti's cars placed 1, 2, 3, 4 at the Brescia Grand Prix in 1921, and orders poured in. Capitalizing on this victory, all subsequent 4-valve Bugatti models would bear the Brescia moniker. Front wheel brakes were added in end of 1925.
This 1923 Brescia is from a automobile car collector from Hong Kong.
The new Bugatti Chiron has just made its public Hong Kong debut at the 2017 Hong Kong Gold Coast Motor Festival. The Festival, Hong Kong’s premier motor celebration held at the picturesque waterfront precinct in Hong Kong’s New Territories, half an hour from the hustle and bustle of the City, was being held for the second year. The Chiron, perhaps the most powerful, fastest and most luxurious of all super sports cars, with a price tag of 2.5 million euros, presented a stark contrast to one of its Molsheim cousins also to be seen here, the by-comparison diminutive Bugatti Type 13 Brescia. The 16-valve ‘Brescia’ was capable of over 100km/h in the 1920s, the Chiron with four turbochargers, a century on, can go nearly four times as fast, topping 400 km/h!
Ettore Bugatti’s first production car, (the Italian, living and working in Alsace, a part of Germany from 1871 until being returned to France in 1918), was in rather Fellini-esque fashion entitled the Type 10, it being his tenth design. Fortunately for us all, Bugatti’s works could take the mantle of a full masterpiece and so no half was necessary as in filmmaker Fellini’s oeuvre “8 ½”. There is no record of a Type 11 or Type 12, but in 1910 the first Type 13, similar to the Type 10 but with a bore enlarged by 3mm, was delivered to a customer. The Type 13 remained in production until 1926 after some 2,000 units had been built. The Type 13 known as the ‘Brescia’ received its nomenclature when Bugatti, recorded up to that time its greatest achievement on the track, taking the first four spots at the Italian Voiturette Grand Prix at Brescia in Northern Italy in 1920.
Alongside the Type 13 Brescia at the Concours d’Elegance in Hong Kong the other pre-war cars were a Pur Sang Type 35 Bugatti, and the class winner a Red Label Bentley 3 litre.
Text and photos by James Nicholls